The 15 of June of 1963 Valentina Tereshkova He traveled to space and became the first woman to do so.
Here you have all the details about the feat of this courageous Russian woman.
In an era where women could barely go from one city to another, this Russian woman, manning a spaceship, traveled the Earth's orbit forty-eight times for almost 3 days.
The spacecraft that Valentina tackled to accomplish her feat was Vostok 6 and to crew her underwent a rigorous training program where it was then selected among several participants.
What did Valentina Tereshkova do before she was a cosmonaut?
Although it seems incredible, the first woman to orbit the earth He did not have a special education in his early years and was not noted for his skills, because as any Russian teenager of the time worked in a factory and conducted correspondence courses.
Maybe it would be her impulse to do things right for her and her country that led her to join a paratrooper team and then to the Young Communist League of the factory where she worked, without suspecting that this would take her high.
His special inspiration was Yuri Gargarin.
It is said that his special inspiration came from Yuri Gagarin, the first man to travel through space. This prompted her to run as a participant in one of the space programs developed by the Soviet Union.
He was 26 years old when he was selected as the first candidate to crew an orbital flight.
But more than that feat, what most aroused admiration was the trajectory he made from a humble origin.
A Russian woman of humble origin who would reach very high
Born in Maslennikovo, a small town northwest of Moscow, in the bosom of a humble family, the energetic Valentina perhaps never thought it would be the first woman to orbit the earth.
Nor did this courageous woman think that she would become PhD in space science in 1977 and much less that she would become a national hero, an example not only for Russian women, but for all women in the world.
A glittering trajectory that began on earth and ended in space
The trajectory in the space race of Valentina Tereshkova It started in 1961 when it was selected for an 18 program of months of training with four other women.
The reason why Valentina was selected was due to her long experience as a paratrooper, remembering that by that time it was necessary for cosmonauts to jump to the ground once the capsule entered the Earth's atmosphere and descended at a certain altitude.
Valentina Tereshkova also made a brilliant political career
After his feat in the Tereshkova space started a political career that did not allow him to continue traveling in space, but if throughout the world as an example of the participation of women in the achievements of the Soviet Union.
Among the many achievements made by Tereshkova are:
- 1961: Komsomol local secretary elected
- 1969: She graduated as a space engineer, an exclusive men's career at the time.
- 1970: Enter the Central Committee of the Communist Party
- 1974: Integrates the presidium of the Supreme Soviet, the highest political body of the Soviet Union.
- 1977: Gets a doctorate in space science
- 1997: Exits the Air Force and the special program
Before his political retirement he was also head of the Soviet Committee of Women, director of the International Cultural and Friendship Union and president of the Russian Association for International Cooperation.
Emblem of the Soviet Union during the space race
He used his successful career in the Russian special program to conduct an outstanding political career that kept him in the public arena for a long time.
It became the national image of russian women in the world during the Soviet era and was key in the space race that the United States and the Soviet Union entered.
If the United States was the first to place man on the moon, the Soviet Union was able to announce as a victory in a world dominated by man to have placed a woman in space, becoming a historical landmark of wide relevance yet.
A failure may have frustrated the feat of the first woman to orbit the earth
The feat of this outstanding example of Russian women was about to become a tragedy of great magnitude
According to reports released many years later, during the orbital flight of this inspiring woman there was a navigation software failure which endangered his life and the success of the mission.
Although for strategic reasons the failures and the reasons for it were not made public, it is known that thanks to Valentina's ability, she was able to create a new landing algorithm to fall safe and sound in the Altay region, between Mongolia and China.
A gesture of courtesy that may have changed history
As a curious fact, it was also known that he accepted the food that the villagers in the area offered him, which altered the protocol that the astronaut should follow when landing.
This violation of Soviet space force protocol he was reprimanded, however, he could not prevent his feat from being disclosed and projected inside and outside the Soviet Union.
Precedent for Russian women and all women in the world
Having become the first woman to orbit the earth and occupy a prominent political position made her win many awards, which include:
- Hero of the Soviet Union.
- Lenin's order
- Gold Star Medal
- Gold Medal of Peace of the United Nations.
Without a doubt, by overcoming the cultural and social barriers of the time, when Valentina Tereshkova orbited the earth, it not only became the first woman to travel to space, but sat a precedent for women Russian and all the women in the world.