A lot of people think that study Russian It must be like a puzzle impossible to solve and it is that this language has always had the reputation of being one of the most convoluted in the world.
The fact that the shape of the Cyrillic letters is so different from those of the Latin alphabet makes any person perceive the Russian language more as a strange hieroglyph than as a language that can be understood. In addition, the little that most people know about Russia and its culture, due to the West's media blockade and bad propaganda, creates even more distance and fear when confronting the learning books of this language.
But luckily, there are brave people without prejudices who have asked me directly ...
Can you speak Russian in a year?
The answer is yes and no. As everything in this life depends on your capacity and will of effort, hours invested, the environment, the methodical, age, natural abilities, intelligence, the languages studied previously etc.
We are not going to cheat, Russian is a difficult language that has more than 150.000 officially registered word entries, some 70.000 more than Spanish and many of its sounds are unknown to Spanish speakers since it includes in its alphabet 10 vowels, 1 semivocal and 2 signs. As if that were not enough, the writing of his typed letters is far from the writing and style of his handwritten letters. Something you have to get used to.
As a general rule, studying Russian in a methodical way and with an optimal learning curve related to a good quality of teaching, is the task of at least 5 years. From here, the integration in our brain of cultural concepts in our own language and aspects of everyday life in a Russian-speaking environment (living in Russia), can lengthen the process of learning Russian for more than a decade. Many will never be able to speak fluent Russian.
But do not be scared, as I said before, if you try hard and believe in what you do, in a year and even before, you can keep your first conversations in Russian. Which means you'll be speaking Russian even if you're still far from mastering the language. But this will give you many tables to keep going and you will get a lot of confidence in the language. Russian is a language much more grateful than English, because the advances you make will unleash in you an exponential capacity of development that you will notice with progressively greater achievements.
The first thing to do is to lose the fear of the language.
This barrier breaks with the learning of Cyrillic alphabet. And this is where I say that Russian is not what it seems ... Well, whoever tries it, can learn the basic functioning of the Cyrillic alphabet and read Russian in one afternoon.
Learning Russian makes you feel smart, for you are deciphering that impossible hieroglyph that so much imposed. To make matters worse, the Russian language makes it even easier, since the pronunciation of the words coincides with the natural reading of their letters. Something like what happens with Spanish and unlike English. This will also greatly facilitate the auditory understanding of it. And to finish finishing the cake of facilities of the Russian language and saving the distances ... it's a bit like speaking the Indian of the American movies, because you will not have to use the verb to be constantly, being able to say directly #Yo Spanish, #Yo Alto, #Tu likeable. To great distances, you will only have to worry about learning three verb tenses (Present, Past, Future) and forget about complicating your life with subjunctives, previous past pluperfect and all those conjugations that you may have forgotten when you studied Spanish at school .
The difficulty of Russian lies in the number of words and their morphology, because the same word can change 6 different ways according to how it is used in relation to people, objects, in a possessive way, implying movement ... For you to get used to the idea, even personal names change shape, so much so that if for example you are called Oriol like me, you should get used to hearing your name in forms like Oriola, Oriolu, Oriolom. Interesting, right?
In short, if you try hard, study and are a bit skillful, you can Start speaking Russian quickly, starting one year from the beginning of your apprenticeship and maybe even before.
Nothing is impossible, you just have to believe in what you do and what you like, of course.