The sickle and hammer on the coat of arms of the USSR is one of the most recognized symbols of Soviet power. The history of its origin is full of secrets and mysteries. The Freemasonry, Hinduism and ancient Aryan and Slavic mythology they are found in the two crossed implements of the Soviet emblem.
The sickle and the hammer are the symbol of communism, but they did not exist in Marx's time. It was adopted gradually after the Russian Revolution, first in demonstrations and by the Red Army, to later be adopted as the official symbol of the Soviet Union in 1922.
Its symbolism is extremely simple: a hammer, to represent the industrial workers and a sickle, to represent the peasantry.
The republic of workers and peasants could see the main tool of their work as the insignia of their country and its movement. It may have represented a lie, but a lie to which the symbol served as a constant rebuke. And, as a symbol, it was clearly an intelligent, memorable and easy choice to scribble on the walls, as any visitor from Naples or Athens can attest.
It also serves as a useful reproach to the idea that communism and Nazism were fundamentally identical. The swastika, the own version of the Nazis, dates from the same period, and was used for the first time in 1919 by the Freikorps, the mercenaries of the extreme right that the German Social Democrats used to repress their communist opponents. The swastika literally represents very little but, the sickle and the hammer said, without ambiguity, that the workers and the peasants should govern.
It was also perhaps the first truly international political symbol from the tricolor and its permutations, or perhaps more pertinent, from the Christian cross. Many communist parties used the sickle and the hammer, to declare their adherence to a creed that sought to abolish nations completely. In fact, this style was so successful that many other organizations used similar symbols until the 1980 decade.
The Russian philosopher Alexei Losev He made the following evaluation on the sickle and the hammer:
"It is a symbol that drives the masses and is not simply a symbol, but is a technical-constructive principle for human actions and volitions. Here we see the symbol of the unity of the workers and peasants, the symbol of the Soviet state "
However, in several religions, the sickle is interpreted as a symbol of death. In fact during the Middle Ages, death was represented by a sickle. It is impressive how people who seek power or who are in power can play so easily with the minds of an immense majority that yearns for freedom, justice and equality.
Throughout history both those who are inclined to the side of socialism and those who speak of democracy and capitalism, have sought to manipulate a majority that continues without thinking for itself. It is difficult to believe that the story will not be repeated at some point, because if something is certain, it tends to be cyclical, only sometimes when it fails to repeat itself in one place it simply seeks another destination where to set.