The adhesion of the Crimean peninsula The Russian Federation is important at a geopolitical level and for that reason it has been the subject of intense controversy. Do you want to know some important facts about this fact?
What were the actions that led to the accession of Crimea to Russia?
Dissolved the Soviet Union welcomes the name of Republic of Crimea and in that sense the Ukrainian government authorities initially accepted their denomination, not the pretensions of being a State.
With the referenedndum of 1991, in which it was asked if Crimea should become an Autonomous Republic within the USSR, the favorable option was won and around that issue Ukraine created a statute of autonomy but under its control and the 4 of September of 1991 was approved Declaration of State sovereignty in comment.
In that tenor and following the dispute, the Constitution of 1995 is approved by the Parliament of Crimea, except for the texts that included the name of the Republic and citizenship of the inhabitants, which were rejected and after several controversies was declared Republic Autonomous but "an integral and inseparable part of Ukraine".
In the decade of the 2000 the quarrels between Russians and Ukrainians increased and germinates a conflict by the appropriation of the space in reclamation.
What do the inhabitants of the Crimea think about their accession to Russia?
The result of the referendum of the 2014 reflects the roots of the inhabitants of Crimea with Russia, and this should not surprise us, remember the historical relationship between both territories.
So that the 16 of March of 2019 will be fulfilled 5 years of that referendum in which it was decided the incorporation of Crimea to Russia, in which, with the 96.6% of votes, the citizens declared to separate of the Ukraine and to adhere again to the Russian Federation.
In this regard, Alfredo Jalife said that ...
"Crimea has always been Russian and now it's up to the people to demonstrate."
It should be noted that between February and March of the 2014 year, new social and political events are emerging in the territory of the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, which led to local protests in Russian-speaking populations against the actions of the old opposition that had arrived to power in Ukraine in the wake of the events of those months.
During the 23-27 days of February there was a change of authorities in the Crimea, who upon assuming power refused to recognize the legitimacy of the Ukrainian government and made a call for cooperation to Russia, at the same time that they urged the countries of the world to recognize the State constituted by the people.
The Russian Federation asks to respect the decision of the inhabitants of the Crimean peninsula
In that dynamic Vladimir Putin, by decree, considers the will expressed in the referenedndum popular by the Crimean settlers and recognizes the Republic ...
"... as an independent and sovereign State".
The March 18 signed the accession agreement with Crimea remaining under the status of a republic and a day later, the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation recognized the constitutionality of the accession of Crimea to the Russian Federation.
The March 23, the ministry for defense reported that in 189 institutions of the Armed Forces the Russian flag was hoisted and the March 24 the National Security Council of Ukraine agreed to withdraw its troops from Crimea.
The March 26 was created the Office of the Prosecutor of the Republic of Crimea appointed to his position to Natalia Poklónskaia.
Other agreements were that the Crimean parliament decided to renounce the time zone of Kiev (UTC + 2) and in its effect adopt that of Moscow (UTC + 4) as of the last of March.
And so it was, at the 22: 00 of the March 29 in an official ceremony in Simferopol, the clocks happened to mark the 00: 00 of the 30 of March, anticipating 2 hours and aligning themselves in turn a new itinerary.
It is also announced to ruble as an official currency and that its circulation would start on the March 24. And with regard to the assets of the oil company Chernomorneftegaz and the gas transport company Ukrtransgaz, it is decided that they should move to the Republic of Crimea.
In short, after the approval of the new Constitution of the Republic of Crimea the 11.04.2014, it is recognized as ...
"... a democratic and legal State within the Russian Federation".
In addition, it establishes that ...
"... is an inseparable part of the territory of Russia".
Its validity came after its publication in the official bulletin Crimskie Izvestia on April 12.