Stalin He is one of the best-known world leaders in history. Loved by some and despised by many others, does not leave anyone indifferent.
But do you really know the leader of the USSR? There is a lot of myth and legend about his figure. So dear Russian Lover we have left 22 questions about Stalin, who are sure to stalk your head about this Soviet boss, along with their corresponding answers.
What are you waiting for? Discover more about the figure of Stalin!
1-. When was Stalin born?
The December 18 of 1879 in the village of Gori was born Iosif Vissarionovich Dzhugashvili, which would be known as Stalin. In the future he would be the leader of one of the most powerful countries in the world, the Soviet Union.
2-. When did Stalin die?
The leader of the Soviet Union died 5 March of 1953 74 years of a cardiovascular attack that caused him an agonizing death. This is the official version, but many suspect that Beria, his right-hand man and head of the NKVD (the political police of the USSR) murdered him.
According to the memoirs of Nikita Khrushchev who proclaimed himself leader of the country after Stalin's death, Beria came to confession before the Politburo: "I killed him, I killed him and I saved you all".
3-. What is the meaning of the name Stalin?
The real name of the leader of the Soviet Union was Iósif Vissariónovich Dzhugashvili. Stalin means "iron Man" This nickname was given to him by his own companions because of the resistance and courage he showed during his exile in Siberia during the Tsarist era, and because of his will and tenacity.
4-. How tall was Stalin?
Stalin had a height of 1.65 meters. Although today is a very short stature, for the Russian average of the time was a normal size.
5-. How many children did Stalin have?
The ruler of the USSR had 3 children: Yakov (son of his first marriage), Svetlana and Vasili. Stalin's relationship with his children was tumultuous. We know that he despised Yakov his eldest son, whom he considered a weak and weakling person. Proof of this is that Yakov was captured by the Germans in the 2 World War and an exchange was attempted in exchange for the German marshal Friedrich Von Paulus. The response of "Iron Man" It was:
"I'm not going to exchange a marshal for a lieutenant. "
His second son Vasili was promoted to general, and even knocked down several German aircraft in World War II. Despite this, he never gained the appreciation of his father, and fell into alcohol addiction.
Svetlana was the "right eye" of her father when she was a child, but then the relationship became blurred. After several years of the death of his father, he fled to the USA where he changed his surname and cut off all relationship with his family.
6-. Was Stalin nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize?
Yes, although it may seem surprising, he chose the Nobel twice (1945 and 1948) for his contribution in the defeat of Nazi Germany and the end of World War II.
7-. Did Stalin decide to create a hybrid of human and chimpanzee?
It may seem like science fiction, but it's real. Stalin sent the scientist lya Ivanovich Ivanov to Africa in order to create a hybrid between human and chimpanzee, known as humancé The aim of the leader of the USSR was to create an army of soldiers that was according to his words:
"I want a new human being invincible, insensitive to pain, resistant and indifferent with respect to the quality of the food that I consume "
Many tests were done to create this new breed, even to inseminate Russian women with monkey sperm, but it did not work. Furious at the failure of the experiment, Stalin condemned Iya Ivanovich Ivanov to exile to Kazakhstan, where 2 died on arrival ...
8-. Did Stalin like westerns?
The head of the USSR was a passionate cinephile. Among his favorite genres was the western, where there was a translator who helped him understand what the characters were saying.
9-. Your leadership to Russia of its economic and cultural backwardness?
Yes, although at a very high price. Through the application of the five-year plans and the forced collectivization of agriculture it was possible to develop heavy industry and energy sectors, transforming the country into a world power. Yes, the cost was millions of deaths, great hardships and harsh working conditions.
10-. What nationality was Stalin?
Stalin was not of Russian origin. He was born in Georgia, a country under the rule of Russia, but that both linguistically and ethnically do not belong to the Slavic trunk. It is currently an independent nation bordering on Azerbaijan and Armenia. In the 2008 maintained a war against Russia for the possession of two regions: Ossetia and Abkhazia.
11-. Did Stalin study?
Yes and he excelled in the studies. From 1888 to 1894 he studied at the Ecclesiastical College of Gori, and later at the Orthodox Seminary of Tbilisi. There he drank of all kinds of ideological tendencies, among which I highlight the revolutionary ideology that would lead him to fight against the tsarist order. His field of interest was very varied: economy, history, philosophy, etc ... everything was covered by the mind of the communist leader.
12-. Did you suffer any illness during your youth?
Stalin was a very sick child. At the 5 years suffered the smallpox that left many marks on his face, and also suffered from psoriasis (a disease that causes inflammation and peeling skin). In addition, the physical punishment of his mother and the beatings of his drunken father also influenced his poor health.
13-. Did Stalin try to kill John Wayne?
As we have commented, Stalin was a fervent admirer of the western genre. His favorite actor was John Wayne. But, the Republican ideology of the actor and his participation in the witch's house imposed by Senator McCarthy in the 50 years, prompted the ruler to order his murder to the NKVD. Many denied that this order was true, but testimonies of John Wayne himself and the painter Gerásimov confirmed this fact.
14-. Was Stalin homosexual?
Some people have claimed that Stalin was homosexual, but there is no evidence to prove it. On the other hand, he had 3 children and it is known that he had numerous lovers of the opposite sex.
15-. What was the government of Stalin?
El Stalinism It was the ideology and political practice of the Soviet leader. In this way, he led the country from 1922 to 1953.
16-. Was Stalin a Mason?
It is a question that many have asked, but the answer is negative. Although I did not experience the antipathy that Trosky felt for this organization, it was forbidden during his mandate and his leaders were persecuted, since their values were against the communist ideal.
17-. Did Stalin try to assassinate the leader Tito?
Tito was the creator of Yugoslavia, a great leader who knew how to create a strong socialist nation. Despite some similarities with the Soviet system, Tito did not give in to the councils and the influence of Stalin and followed his own path. Although it is not officially confirmed, there are several sources that claim that he tried to kill Tito on several occasions.
18-. Was he Lenin's friend?
Stalin appreciated his friend. On the other hand, Lenin did not have the same opinion about him. He considered himself a capable man, but too cruel and ambitious as he reflected in the following words:
"Stalin is too brutal, and that defect, perfectly acceptable in our midst and among communists, is unacceptable in a general secretary. Therefore, I propose to the comrades that they find a way to revoke it, and to appoint in its place a man who does not resemble him at all "
19-. What was your alias?
During his youth he was nicknamed as Koba for most of his companions, and also used the nickname of Dzhugashvili, his real surname. But the alias that would make it happen in history is Stalin, the man of steel.
20-. How many women did Stalin have?
Stalin married in Two occasions. The first with Ekaterina Svanidse the 16 of July of 1904. With her he had his first child, Yakov. After the death of his wife due to consumption, he remarried in the first of 1918 with Nadezhda Alilúyeva having two children: Vasili and Svetlana.
21-. Did Stalin feel the death of his first wife?
Yes, it is something that few people know but the death of his first wife, caused a deep pain in the heart of the future ruler of the Soviet Union. In a fit of despair, he threw himself on the grave of his deceased wife. In addition, his death eliminated all traces of pity in his heart, as reflected in the phrase he said after the death of his beloved:
"I have not known how to make her happy. This creature was the only one who could soften my heart of stone. He has died, and with it has died any feeling of affection for human beings "
22-. How many times was Stalin arrested?
Stalin was arrested on 7 occasions and deported to Siberia. He managed to escape 6 times and earned the prisoners' respect for his strength and tenacity. He entered the prison so many times, because he organized a campaign of bank robbery to finance the Communist Party between 1906 and 1907.
What do you think of these answers about Stalin, dear Russian Lover? I hope that all the doubts about one of the great figures of the 20th century for Russia and for the world.