At the end of the 19th century and the beginning of the 20th century a famous Russian goldsmith 69 created exquisite jewelry in the shape of Easter eggs, so today these extraordinary pieces are called as Fabergé eggs, in honor of its creator: Peter Carl Fabergé.
Who was Peter Carl Fabergé, the creator of these extraordinary Easter eggs?
This Russian jeweler was also known as Karl Gustavovich Fabergé and was the owner of a family jewelry store in the city of St. Petersburg.
He became the official jeweler of the Russian imperial family when he won the gold medal during the Panrusa Exposition at 1882.
Several members of the royal family, especially the Tsar and the Tsarina, were delighted with the exquisite work done by Fabergé.
His training as a master goldsmith was due in part to the trips he made throughout Europe from 1864 where he met important jewelers from Germany, France and England.
What is the extraordinary thing about fabergé eggs?
Like the famous matrioshka dolls that contain one inside another, the Fabergé eggs they are composed of a series of elements, one inside another.
Each of these easter eggs made by Peter Carl Fabergé It has an extraordinary eclectic design of ancient Russian, Greek, Renaissance, Baroque, Art Nouveau, naturalism ...
Besides the artistic richness in the design, the material value of these eggs is very high, because in its elaboration this great Russian goldsmith she seized stones precious and semiprecious, and used different metals in varying proportions to achieve the fantastic nuances of the "shell".
When did Fabergé start making these unique gems?
The first Fabergé egg was made in 1883 at the request of Tsar Alexander III as a gift for his wife, the Tsarina Maria.
This gift egg for the tsarina was made up of a platinum shell that contained a tiny golden egg that in turn stored a miniature gold hen, which had on its head a replica of the Russian imperial crown.
The appearance of this egg was so great that the Empress loved it, hence the Czar asked Fabergé to make a new egg every Easter.
In addition to the replica of the Russian imperial crown, Peter Carl Fabergé he has placed other fascinating replicas inside his creations, such as the imperial yacht Standart, the Uspensky cathedral, the Gatchina palace, the Alexander palace, among others.
These exceptional pieces of jewelry were also created to commemorate various important events: for example, the coronation of Tsar Nicholas II and the inauguration of the Trans-Siberian railway.
Fabergé carried out the elaboration of 69 easter eggs between 1885 and 1917, date in which he interrupted his works of goldsmithing due to the agitation produced during the revolution.
Where are the Fabergé egg collection currently?
Many of these eggs made of gold, platinum, silver, copper, nickel ... and set with precious stones were special requests made by the last two czars, these jewels constituting the imperial collection.
However, some of these lavish Easter eggs were made at the request of several important personalities of the time: for example, the Siberian gold magnate, Alexander Ferdinandovich Kelch, the Dukes of Marlborough, Prince Yussupov, and even the creative scientist of the dynamite and promoter of the prize that bears his name, Alfred Nobel.
61 of the eggs that were built by Fabergé are currently preserved. That is to say, the whereabouts of 8 of these ingenious goldsmith's pieces is unknown.
Of the 8 Fabergé eggs whose whereabouts are unknown, there is photographic evidence, most of it fortuitous. Specifically, two of them were photographed in a close-up, while one was in the showcase of the Tsarina Maria and another (the egg with cherub and carriage) was only reflected in the glass.
After the Second World War ended, some of these precious eggs were auctioned. For example, the Winter Egg that was created in 1913 reached an amount exceeding five million dollars during an auction held in 1994.
However, the egg designed and produced by Fabergé that has achieved the greatest value is the one developed for Rothschild, a family of bankers, which in the 2007 was auctioned off at the incredible price of 18 million dollars.
In short, the fame and economic value of the ingenious pieces made by this Russian goldsmith It is an indicator of the genius of artisans of Mother Russia as creators of beautiful unique pieces.