For Christmas lovers, living in Russia is a dream, since the Christmas in Russia It is celebrated on two different dates.
These dates are very close so it is lived as an extension of the Christmas celebration.
And .. Why is this situation?
The history of Russia is unique and this tradition is due precisely to the whims well marked by the two calendars what Russia has.
Russia, a Christmas, a country and 2 calendars
The oldest calendar in Russia is the Julian, interposed by the first reform of Julius Caesar in which the use of the solar calendar was imposed; however, this calendar brought with it a series of problems.
As the days passed, the lapses of the times moved, affecting above all, the changes of seasons and the periods of sowing and harvesting in the settlements of the time; forcing to reschedule dates including leap years.
Centuries later, Pope Gregory XIII issued a papal decree, specifically that of March of 1582, where he abolished the Julian calendar and imposed the Gregorian calendar.
In Russia, the Orthodox Church did not comply with this call, using the Julian calendar to this day.
However, Russia begins to use the Gregorian calendar officially as of 1918, on the grounds that all of Europe was governed by the Gregorian calendar, which hindered trade relations.
But he never completely abandoned the Julian calendar.
Christmas dates in Russia
The unique situation of Russia in the world, makes celebrate two times both Christmas and the New Year (Novi God) with a lag of only 13 days.
The New Year celebrates the 31 of December as it is tradition in all the countries that are governed by the Gregorian calendar and later it is again celebrated the 14 of January following the Julian calendar. As to Christmas, this December 25 is celebrated as dictated by the Gregorian calendar, and then later, the January 7 is celebrated according to the Julian calendar.
Both dates are respected and traditionally celebrated celebrations with joy and color in the houses, shops and streets of all Russia.
From 1992, Christmas is an official holiday in Russia that gives 10 holiday days to share with the family.
Russia has a great excuse for Christmas decorations to stay in the environment longer.