Born in 1729, in Pomerania (present-day Poland), Sofia Federica Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst (Catherine the Great), after deposing her husband Tsar Peter II at 1762, became the Tsarina of Russia.
Catherine led the country to a greatness never seen in previous centuries
History would remember her as Catherine the Great and let's see why:
1. Illustrated bill
After coming to power, Catalina, a faithful defender of the Enlightenment, promoted a series of reforms that radically reformed the country.
At 1762, I created the first vocational training center in Russia. A year later, it reorganized the state and confiscated the lands of the Church, implementing the liberal reforms.
At 1764, he created the first teaching center for women, an important contribution, which has not been sufficiently valued. In addition, he also established paper money in Russia and freedom of enterprise.
Established the vaccination system in Russia against smallpox, vaccinating herself and her son. I also created the first public schools in 1786.
The list of advances recorded during his reign was so long that we could not comment on it in a single article.
Thinkers such as Diderot, Voltaire and generals like Napoleon Bonaparte among others, felt a deep admiration for her, writing frequently. Catherine the Great was an enlightened sovereign.
The arrival to power of Catherine the Great was the greatest territorial expansion experienced by Russia in its history. Under his effective command, and with the appointment of highly competent military officers like Aleksandr Suvorov, he allowed Russia to conquer in rapid succession: Crimea, the North Caucasus, Ukraine, Belarus and even Alaska! they joined the empire.
The conquest of the Khanate of Crimea had a historical repercussion since, thanks to it Russia could obtain access to the Black Sea, establishing an effective control with the creation of the Russian Fleet of the Black Sea and making possible the Russian expansion towards the southeast.
Catalina was a monarch worthy of her nickname "La Grande"
3 The end of an era
Catalina la Grande died of a fulminating stroke, the 17 November 1796, before going to take a bath.
His legacy was never forgotten and thanks to it Russia became what it is today: A world power.
I leave you here dear Russian Lover, a video of the documentary by Catherine the Great that faithfully shows her reign and the reforms she did for the country:
Catherine the Great, the most important woman in Russian history