Krasnoyarsk, 30 of July of 1908:
The sun rises in a peaceful landscape, in the middle of the taiga, the dense Siberian forest. The inhabitants of this remote place begin a hard day's work from sunrise to sunset. It seems a day any, nothing seems to presage that a cataclysmic event It is about to happen.
An event for which there is still no agreed explanation among the scientific community. On that morning of 1908, a meteor streaked the sky and struck with a frightening fury in the middle of Siberia. We are talking about the Tunguska Bolide, the ball of fire that shocked the world.
Much has been said about the Bundle of Tunguska. It is a mystery that has intrigued many people because of the strangeness of the phenomenon and the little we know about it. We talked about the most powerful meteorite impact, from the one that extinguished the dinosaurs 65 millions of years ago, that has hardly left any evidence and the few that we have found, make us delve into secrets that maybe our human mind is not willing to recognize.
2. The Tunguska Bolide and Effects of the Explosion
After crossing the atmosphere, the Tunguska Bolide fell on Siberia. With dimensions of 80 meters in diameter, the force of the explosion was so powerful that 80 millions of trees were killed instantly by the impact. At more than 2000 kilometers away the crystals exploded as if impelled by an invisible force. In addition, the shock wave knocked down people and animals at an estimated distance of 400 kilometers.
Even the mythical Trans-Siberian stopped its march when the machinist noticed that the rails vibrated because of the impact. Studies conducted by experts in the field, reveal that the Tunguska Bolide had the power of a thermonuclear head of 30 megatons, more than 1000 times the Hiroshima bomb. To everyone's relief, there were no human victims falling on an isolated area.
But the effects of the explosion not only affected Siberia, they spread throughout the world. In many parts of Europe and Russia the light was so bright due to the detonation that could be read perfectly at midnight. The seismographs of many areas of the planet recorded the explosion and even a radiographic station in the United Kingdom, given the fact that the detonation caused numerous fluctuations in the atmosphere that lasted for weeks.
Curiously, until 1921, with the expedition of the Russian scientist Leonid Kulik, the area where the event occurred was not visited. Upon arrival, the only thing they found was millions of trees knocked down in a radial position, as happened with the electric poles by the nuclear explosion of Hiroshima ... In addition there was no crater of the impact of the meteor. The only possibility that occurred to him is that it will explode in the air. A little strange, is not it? especially coming from a meteor that has crossed all the terrestrial atmosphere resisting very high temperatures.
Kulik noted that many of the natives who were relatively close to the explosion died or became ill suddenly. At that time it was thought that it was a smallpox epidemic. But after the years and after the events of Hiroshima, it was found that the "infected" natives had not been smallpox but had the symptoms of people affected by radiation ...
In addition many members of the Evenki tribe (native of the zone) interviewed by Kulik commented that, when the meteorite hit, they had seen like a giant mushroom that was rising through the air ... Visually like the effect of a nuclear bomb ....
Then ... one could ask ... was the Tunguska bolide an atomic weapon? In 1908 ?!
3. Theories of the Tunguska explosion
That one of the theories that have been formulated before this mystery, but there are many more ..
The first and most widely accepted is that the Tunguska bolide was a fragment of a comet that broke off and after crossing the atmosphere reached the earth. This hypothesis was endorsed in the 30 years by the astronomer I. Astapovich and the meteorologist FJ Whipple. Specifically, it is thought that the comet from which the fireball came off was the 2P / Encke. Also the investigation in the 2007 of the Italian scientist Luca Gasperini believed to find the area of the crater of the explosion in the lake Cheko due to its form and depth. But in the year 2016 a Russian scientific team denied this theory, due to a profuse mineralogical investigation, that demonstrated that Cheko Lake had been formed for 2 centuries and was not a product of the crash of the bolide.
But there are other more sinister approaches ... that if they were true would shake the foundations of the reality in which we live.
The second theory is that indeed the comet was going to fall on Tunguska but to avoid a catastrophe of apocalyptic dimensions it was intercepted by a nuclear warhead in its path reducing its effects.
And in 1908, who could have an atomic head if they had not even considered their existence? Well, the intervention of an alien civilization is considered that seeing the consequences it could have on the human species and with a superior technology could intercept the meteorite in orbit.
This theory was endorsed in times of the USSR by the scientist Alexei Zolotov due to the testimonies of the natives and the discovery of strange black tubes and stones whose composition is unknown.
In addition many people who witnessed the explosion commented that during the tour of the fireball they heard how artillery salvoes were repeated in a rhythmic way which could show that the aliens had used their arsenal to protect humanity.
Also the radial pattern that Kulik observed in 1921 that presented the trees knocked down by the meteor are typical of the effects of a nuclear explosion and not of the impact a meteorite as we discussed previously ..
Important researchers have come to claim that the Tunguska Bolide was a small black hole and even a fragment of antimatter ...
Despite all none of the theories today offers a convincing explanation of what happened that morning 30 July 1908 ... Will we discover some day ?. The future will give us the answer but in the meantime we can marvel that despite the advance of human knowledge, there are mysteries that remain unanswered.