Russia is not known for being the first country to send a man to the moon, but his work has definitely contributed to making the lunar trip safer.
Since 1921 Russia has been dedicated to developing ambitious programs aimed at lunar exploration.
In this way, the Baikonur Cosmodrome was created in the Tyuratam region, becoming the center of space operations until 1980.
The developed programs were dedicated to expand knowledge about the jet propulsion engine and to develop the rocket technology, among other programs of national interest still classified.
Unmanned launches to the moon of Russia
The world was completely paralyzed when man first stepped on the moon, it was an event that marked the before and after of the space age.
However, many are unaware that for this moment to occur, Russia had sent 10 years earlier, specifically in the year 1959, unmanned missions.
Three successful moon probes were sent that allowed to gather information necessary for the man to arrive more safely.
The first, it was the launch of Luna 1, this became the first robotic vehicle to fly the moon.
It was subsequently sent to Luna 2, which was the first vehicle to reach the lunar surface successfully.
And finally, Luna 3 was the first to photograph the hidden face of the moon.
These were the pioneering programs in the world, which contributed to strengthening the theories both in the manufacture of rockets, and in that of their engines.
Russian moon launches with unqualified crew
The behavior of living beings in lunar conditions still unknown, Russia decides to send unskilled crew to monitor their behavior on the moon.
The first terrestrial living being to reach the moon was a dog named "Lay".
Subsequently, several turtles were sent, also wine flies, worms, seeds and some plants.
The mission was carried out successfully, proceeding as planned without any setback.
When the ship returned to Earth, important information could be gathered about the behavior of living beings on the moon that served for future new missions.
Russian advances in space technology
Russia managed to send Luna 1, the first lunar flyby successfully; to Laica the first dog on the moon; "Yuri Gagarin"To the first man to travel to space and even"Valentina Tereshkova”The first woman to fly into outer space.
Only the first man to reach the moon was Russian.
However, Russia's main interest was aimed at developing lunar vehicles capable of maintaining its operation for prolonged times, in unusual open space conditions, operated entirely with remote control systems.
A surprising case has been "Lunokhod 1", a Russian special vehicle driven by remote control sent in 1970.
Its mission was to know the topographic characteristics of the land, determine the physical-mechanical properties of the soil, all with the intention of paving the arrival of man to the moon.
However, on September 14, 1971, it was the last day that “Lunokhod 1” data was received, being lost and disabled, pending the first Russian cosmonaut.
It is only almost 40 years after the news of Lunokhod 1 again, in 2010 its location is known through a satellite photograph.
Surprisingly, it is activated and it sends the data collected up to that time to Earth, again taking up Russian space research.
In 2021, Russia plans to resume its lunar career with two unmanned moon landings with the launch of Luna 25.
And it seems that we have entered another new small space race where the US, China, Russia, Japan and other countries have the mission not only to gain control of the cosmos but to consolidate as powers on Earth.
But it is still hard to believe, after so many years that the man and the woman are going to put their feet back on the terrestrial satellite.
Why didn't the Soviets reach the moon?