Did you know that the Russian word Kremlin refers to a fortress built to protect a set of emblematic buildings of a city or town. It is a word similar to Cittadella in Italian or Alcázar in Spain. In Russia, it is curious to know that the walls did not seek to protect large cities but to the central parts where the government palace, the cathedral and other relevant buildings were located and this is precisely what is called the Kremlin. The Kremlin in Russia are part of its cultural heritage, the most prominent are:
The Moscow Kremlin
It is probably the most emblematic Kremlin of Russia, seat of the government, where is a set of civil and religious buildings located in front of the Moscova River in the heart of Moscow. Inside you can find 4 palaces and 4 cathedrals, the Red Square and Alexander's garden. Its original walls were simple wooden fences built in 1156, then, in the fifteenth century walled towers are built. This kremlin has 20 towers, the length of the wall is 2235 m and its surface is about 28 hectares.
Kremlin of Veliki Veliky Novgorod
It is an old Kremlin located in the city of Novgorod, initially it was a pagan cemetery where later the Cathedral of the Holy Wisdom was built; so it has been linked to an ecclesiastical site. The walls begin to rise in 1044, although it is not until 1302 when the towers and the stone walls were built. Much of that architecture was demolished at 1437 by the Volkhov river, rebuilt between 1429 and 1458.
Located in the city of Kazan built under the instance of Ivan the Terrible, declared a World Heritage Site in the 2000 year. The oldest building that protects this Kremlin is the Cathedral of the Annunciation dating from 1554; however the emblematic building is the Siuyumbiké Tower, a tower inclined to 194 cm, being 58 meters high. Many legends fluctuate over its construction and history, making it an interesting icon to visit in this city.
Kremlin of Suzdal
This Kremlin is part of the set of White monuments of Vladimir and Suzdal along with other 7 monuments of medieval times characterized by being built with limestone of Zalesie. Its emblematic building is an orthodox church of the XVI and XVII century; also it emphasizes the convent of Maria Protector where it is said that it was the place of exile of the ladies of the high society of that one time.