The city of Irkutsk It is the sixth largest in Siberia. It is located in eastern Siberia, on the banks of the Angara River, at the confluence with the Irkut River at 66 km west of the Lake Baikal, already about 5.200 km east of Moscow.
Generally tourists come to the city of Irkutsk to walk around Lake Baikal and stay in the city between 1 and 5 days. Most of them are travelers from China, Germany and Japan that come during the summer season. The city Irkutsk has good hotels and in its surroundings you can find one of the most visited tourist attractions, the Taltsy ethnographic architectural museum. Irkutsk also has a philharmonic with concert halls, a symphony orchestra, four state theaters and four state museums.
The climate in the city of Irkutsk is strongly continental. The average temperature in January is -17.8 degrees centigrade, and in July, 18.3 degrees centigrade. The city has a cascade hydroelectric power plant built in 1950-1958. The largest industrial company is the Irkut company, known for manufacturing combat aircraft Su-30. The aluminum foundry of Irkutsk of the company RusAl is also found here.
Irkutsk is an important transport center. The trans-Siberian train and the federal highway Baikal cross the city. There are two airports: the Irkutsk International Airport and the Irkutsk Northwest Airport. It also has a large scientific and educational center with more than one hundred thousand students. Irkutsk is a hometown for the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences. There are nine research institutes in Academgorodok, suburb of this great city.
Sights at Irkutsk
Irkutsk is one of the few cities in Siberia that managed to preserve its historical character and its original design. Its historic center was formed on the site of a strength of wood, whose remains were dismantled in 1790. Today, Irkutsk has 700 architectural monuments made entirely of wood.
The Church of the Savior It is the only building of the fortress that survived and together with the Cathedral of the Epiphany, form the oldest architectural complex of Irkutsk.
Another prominent set of the city is located in the Angara seafront, at the beginning of Karl Marx Street. It consists of the monument to the founder of the Alexander III Trans-Siberian Railway, the local History Museum with rounded corner towers made in Moorish style, and the Sibiryakov Palace, better known as the Casa Blanca, which served as the residence of the general governors in 1838 to 1917.
In the main streets of the city, Karl Marx and Lenin, which cross each other, you can find many monuments of stone architecture of the late nineteenth and early twentieth century. The main pedestrian street is Uritsky Street.
Between the years 1930 and 1940, buildings in the style of Soviet Constructivism appeared in the city. The monumental art of the Soviet period is represented by the memorial complex Eternal flame, the monument to Vladimir Lenin, the monument to the fighters of the revolution among others.
Finally, the monuments that emerged after the collapse of the Soviet Union, are the monument restored to Alexander III and the arch of triumph Moscow Gates. So far, many streets of the historic center retain their Soviet names.
Museums of Irkutsk
There is a wide variety of museums in Irkutsk you could go to know much of its history, among them is:
- The Regional Museum of Local History of Irkutsk located on Karl Marx Street.
- Irkutsk State Art Museum which bears the name of Vice President Sukachev and is located on Lenin Street.
- Irkutsk History Museum located on Frank Kamenetzky Street.
- Regional Historical and Commemorative Museum of the Irkutsk Decembrists consisting of two memorial properties: the Trubetskoy House Museum and the Volkonsky House Museum.
Theaters of Irkutsk
Among the most important theaters in Irkutsk we have:
- The academic drama theater Okhlopkov.
- Regional Youth Theater A. Vampilov.
- Regional Puppet Theater Aistenok.
- Regional Musical Theater of Irkutsk Zagurskiy.
Incredible views of the city of Irkutsk