A product of primitive times, where mythical beings crossed the face of the earth being the product of our legends, The Caspian Sea is the largest brackish water lake that exists on the surface of the earth. Pure beauty in the midst of desert sands.
The total surface of this immense mass of water is 371.000 square kilometers, reaching a maximum depth of 995 meters. It covers 5 countries (Russia, Turkmenistan, Azerbaijan, Iran, and Kazakhstan). It also constitutes the 40% of the continental waters of the entire planet Earth.
Do these numbers impress, right?, because there is still more:
The Caspian Sea It is 30 years old millions of years ago and 5,5 millions of years ago that it does not have access to the sea, due to the geological changes that the earth has undergone. It was part of an ancient ocean known as Paratetis, and the Caspian is the remnant of what was left of that immense mass of blue water.
Посмотреть эту публикацию в Instagram
Sea Cáspio é o maior corpo d'água located not inside a continent, also classified as the largest lake in the world, with an area of 371 thousand km². É limited by Irã 🇮🇷, Rússia 🇷🇺, Azerbaijão 🇦🇿, Turcomenistão 🇹🇲 e Cazaquistão 🇰🇿 #caspiansea #marcaspio #asia #europe #europa #geografia #geography
For those who love history, the origin of the name comes from the Greek word "Kaspioi", which alluded to the inhabitants of the region, who lived southwest of this immense aquatic mass. Many cities that are bathed by the Caspian Sea share the same name, like the Iranian city of Qazvín.
Lake or Sea?
It is a terminological dispute that has been debated for a long time. Although by its volume and dimensions it can be described as sea, to avoid a confrontation between the countries whose waters bathe the Caspian Sea it has been defined as a lake. This is due to the fact that, according to the rules of International Law, if the Caspian is considered as a sea, it should be allowed that the rest of the foreign countries could sail its waters with the problems that could arise since, it is the seat of one of the the naval squads of Russia, the Caspian Sea fleet.
The biodiversity of the Caspian Sea is impressive, more than 850 animal species and 500 of plants live in it. Some are endemic to the Caspian Sea, not found anywhere in the world, such as the Caspian seal (pusa caspica). It is also home to the famous sturgeon roe with which a luxury product, caviar, is made. The 90% of the world production of this food comes from the Caspian Sea.
Посмотреть эту публикацию в Instagram
You can also observe different species of birds such as the swan singer (Cygnus cygnus), the imperial eagle (Aquila heliaca) and even several species of flamingos have been sighted in its southern basin.
A wonderful phenomenon that we can observe in the northern area of the Caspian Sea, is that during the cold winter, the water freezes completely creating a show of great beauty.
Unfortunately, the man in his greed and rush for wealth, is endangering the survival of the Caspian Sea. The Caspian basin has a great abundance of natural resources, especially energy, such as gas and oil. Many companies are exploiting these deposits, seriously contaminating the waters since, the oil spills and the construction of platforms and artificial islands, seriously affect the ecosystem of the area.
Another threat is overfishing that is depleting the Caspian Sea fish population that has unique endemisms, such as Caspian whitefish (Rutilus kutum).
The Caspian Sea is a product of ancient times, a treasure that we must care for and treasure, because it is unique in the world. In the midst of climate warming, large bodies of water are essential for the survival of human beings and the rest of the species that inhabit our planet.
Why, dear Russian Lover, do you dare to travel to Russia and visit the Caspian Sea ?, the aquatic legend that survives in our times ?. Before the human being ends destroying it, you have to see it with your own eyes!